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Chapter 1: The Rise of International Law   

http://www.washlaw.edu/forint/ 

Website of Washburn University School of Law Library. Basically an easy to use search engine arranged alphabetically. It includes subjects, authors, countries, and occasional titles. 

http://www.globalpolicy.org/ go to “International Justice” 

Website of a study group that focuses on the UN System. First page offers many very accessible links to such topics as sanctions, globalization, 9/11, and the Secretary-General. 

http://www.etown.edu/vl/ 

Included are many options such as legal dictionaries, search engines, and directories. The first page contains a wide range of links to multiple subjects in international relations, including “International and National Law.” 

http://www.asil.org/   

Website of the American Society of International Law. It is an authoritative source for almost every imaginable subject in international law. 

http://www.un.org/en/law   

The section of the UN website devoted to international law. This site covers the international law bodies of the UN, treaties, and courts and tribunals 

Chapter 2: A World of Actors: A Question of Legal Standing 

http://www.corpwatch.org/ 

A website aimed at holding corporations accountable. This site offers an internal search engine and additional research tools. Reports on current corporate misdeeds and is regularly updated. 

http://www.transparency.org/   

Formed in 1993 and headquartered in Germany, Transparency International has gained respect for its carefully done corruption surveys of many countries around the world. 

http://www.uia.org/ 

The website of the Union of International Associations offers numerous publications online including Who’s Who in International Organizations and provides links to thousands of IGOs organized alphabetically, statistics on IGOs, and the Yearbook of International Organizations. 

http://www.gdrc.org//ngo/index.html 

The website of The Global Development Research Center offers the NGO Café which lead to thousands of NGOs organized by subject-matter. 

http://www.mitpress.mit.edu/journals/INOR/deibert-guide/TOC.html   

Among many other useful options, Professor Ronald J. Deibert of the University of Toronto offers “Countries, Regions, Governments.” This option lead to government sites as well as academic studies of countries and regions. 

http://www.globalpolicy.org/nations/index.htm   

This website offers articles on states and their future. One special set of articles deal with the forces challenging the state and which threaten to usurp this actor as the primary actor. 

Chapter 3 The Sources of International Law: Creating Law without Government 

http://untreaty.un.org/ 

The official site of the UN Treaty Series (UNTS) contains over 40,000 treaties. 

This site has many offerings, including “Photographs of Signature Ceremonies,” a “United Nations Treaty Series Index,” and “Treaty Reference Guid,” with an overview of key terms related to treaties. Access to the treaties can require a subscription. 

http://www.state.gov/www/global/legal_affairs/tifindex.html 

This is a site of the US Department of State. Available is a list of the treaties and other 

agreements of the United States that are in force as of January 1, 2000. The index is alphabetized based on the country or IGO name. 

http://www.questia.com/popularSearches/customary_law.jsp 

This site offers online books and journal, magazine and newspaper articles. One section available is on customary law. A “search tool” for the library is offered. Reading the material is by subscription. 

http://repositories.cdlib.org/blewp/art96/ 

A site provided by the University of California, Berkeley, offering free the paper, “Stability and Change in International Customary Law” by Vincy Fon and Francesco Parisi. The paper is a PDF file, 154k. 

http://www.un.org/law/ilc/index.htm 

This site is the homepage of the International Law Commission, a public body 

of publicists. This site offers information on “Membership,” “Program of Work,” 

“Conventions and Other Texts,” as well as other options, including related web sites. 

Chapter 4 The Efficacy of International Law 

http://www.pict-pcti.org/courts/ 

All courts of international character can be accessed from this web page as well as tribunals. This site also offers a list of the latest news items on courts by date. 

http://www.pca-cpa.org/ 

The Permanent Court of Arbitration has an interesting web page with lists of recent and pending cases and general information on its background. This page contains a useful search engine. 

http://www.icj-cij.org/ 

This is the home page of the International Court of Justice containing easily accessible links to all its contentious cases and advisory opinions. Go to “Decisions.” Some cases have to be found by going first to “Decisions” and then “Contentious Cases Listed in Alphabetical Order by Country.” 

http://curia.europa.eu/jcms/jcms/j_6/home 

This is the website of the European Court of Justice of the EU. 

http://www.oas.org/oaspage/humanrights.htm 

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights home page and that of the Inter- 

American Commission of Human Rights are located at this site and contain option about jurisprudence, publications, general information, among other links. 

Chapter 5 Jurisdiction: Domain over Places and People 

http://www.un.org/Depts/los/index.html 

UN’s web page for “Oceans and Law of the Sea.” Links are directly accessible for the LOS Convention, the compromise on the seabed mining regime, the Seabed Mining Authority, reports of the Secretary-General on ocean matters, the settlement of disputes, and many other valuable links. 

http://www.oosa.unvienna.org/oosa/en/COPUOS/copuos.html 

Web page of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. Offers many links including those to a Register of Space Objects, Space Activities of Member States, and Space Activities of the UN System. 

http://www.itu.int/home/ 

Home page of the International Telecommunications Union with links to ITU publications, ITU meetings and conferences, the ITU and Internet Governance, as well as many other links 

http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/tips/dualnat.html 

http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1753.html 

These websites on dual nationality provide useful information on defining dual 

nationality, choice of passports, liability for military service, consular assistance, child abduction, renunciation of a citizenship, and much else. 

http://www.globalpolicy.org/intljustice/universal/univindex.html 

A web page devoted to recent developments on the role of universal jurisdiction. Links exist to an archive of articles and direct links are available for the current year and two-years past. 

http://www.geocities.com/cdelegas/PIRACYWEBSITE_legal.html 

For a report about international efforts to control piracy go to this website of the International Chamber of Commerce. 

Chapter 6 Diplomacy in Pursuit of Peace 

  

http://www.diplomacy.edu 

DiploFoundation promotes research in the field of diplomacy and offers books and other publications in the field. Updates can be received by subscribing with an email address. 

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/avalon.html   

The Avalon Project at Yale University offers numerous documents for the eighteenth to twenty-first centuries relating to law and diplomacy. 

http://www.state.gov/ 

The web site of the US Department of State offers press releases, audio and video releases, travel warning and much else in addition to information about passports and visas. 

 http://www.emb.com/ 

An interesting web site that allows access to the web sites of all the embassies located in Washington, D.C. as well as a worldwide directory on embassies. Anyone can submit their email address to join the “Embassy Network e-list” for updates. 

 http://www.cartercenter.org/ 

The website of ex-President Jimmy Carter is an excellent example of Track II diplomacy. Emphasis is on promoting human rights and fighting disease 

Chapter 7 Arms Limitations for a Less Violent World 

  

http://www.armscontrol.org/ 

This is the website of the Arms Control Association offering treaties, country 

resources, reports, publications, and many other links. This site offers the most recent news on arms issues. 

http://www.sipri.org/ 

This web site is the home page of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, one of the world’s most respected research institutions on disarmament. Its databases are often the source on arms data found in many publications. It offers many publications and links. 

http://www.hrw.org/en/category/topic/arms 

Human Rights Watch is one of the best known human rights NGOs in the world. It has a focus on the role of arms and how they threaten the lives and well-being of people, especially women and children. This site offers recent news, publications, information on a country by country basis, and references to important films. 

http://www.cns.miis.edu/ 

The Center for Nonproliferation Studies offers this website specializing in WMDs. The latest news in this field is readily available as are databases, monthly, and tri-monthly reports. 

http://www.carnegieendowment.org/npp/ 

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, at this web page, provides links to films, news and analysis, and reports on WMDs. The commentary and publications of arms expert and in-house researcher Joseph Cirincione are important features of this website.

Chapter 7 Arms Limitations for a Less Violent World 

  

http://www.armscontrol.org/  

This is the website of the Arms Control Association offering treaties, country  

resources, reports, publications, and many other links. This site offers the most recent news on arms issues.  

  

  

http://www.sipri.org/  

This web site is the home page of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, one of the world’s most respected research institutions on disarmament. Its databases are often the source on arms data found in many publications. It offers many publications and links.  

  

  

http://www.hrw.org/en/category/topic/arms  

Human Rights Watch is one of the best known human rights NGOs in the world. It has a focus on the role of arms and how they threaten the lives and well-being of people, especially women and children. This site offers recent news, publications, information on a country by country basis, and references to important films.  

  

  

http://www.cns.miis.edu/  

The Center for Nonproliferation Studies offers this website specializing in WMDs. The latest news in this field is readily available as are databases, monthly, and tri-monthly reports.  

  

  

http://www.carnegieendowment.org/npp/  

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, at this web page, provides links to films, news and analysis, and reports on WMDs. The commentary and publications of arms expert and in-house researcher Joseph Cirincione are important features of this website.

Chapter 8 Law to Constrain Force

 

http://www.icrc.org/

This is the web site of the International Committee of the Red Cross. It contains copies of 100 treaties and other texts focused on humanitarian law, including the Geneva Conventions and their two 1977 Protocols. The treaties are conveniently listed by both topic and date.

http://www.crisisgroup.org/

A web site of a non-profit NGO aimed at identifying potential conflicts before they erupt. Specializing in field research, teams for Crisis Group provide careful analysis along with maps of troubled spots. This NGO also offers monthly the CrisisWatch, a 12-page bulletin providing a succinct regular update on the current crises around the world.

http://www.correlatesofwar.org/

The decades-old Correlates of War (COW) studies program has accumulated a large amount of data-sets related to war on such subjects as alliances, national capabilities, colonial/dependency, and militarized interstate disputes. The COW program transferred its central operations from the University of Michigan to Pennsylvania State University in 2001.

http://www.terrorism.com/

Founded in 1996, the Terrorism Research Center (TRC) is an independent institute dedicated to the research of terrorism, terrorism and war, and homeland security. It offers country profiles, advisories, and a variety of related web links. Among these is a long list of articles on terrorism as direct links.

http://www.un.org/en/peace/index.shtml

A major page of the web site of the UN, “Peace and Security” offers among other subjects Peacekeeping, the Peacebuilding Commission, Preventive Action, and specific issues such as the current situation of the Palestinians and conditions in Iraq.

Chapter 9 Core International Crimes: Atrocities That Shock the Conscience of Humankind

 

http://www.crimesofwar.org/

The web site of the Crimes of War project maintains a current list of ongoing war crimes and offers numerous articles archived on war crimes. Other links on humanitarian law are available under “Resources.”

http://www.dannen.com/decision/int-law.html

At this web site, offered by Gene Dannen, many treaties, UN resolutions, and other pertinent materials related to the bombing of citizens are offered.

http://www.ushmm.org/

This is the web site of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum. It offers a “Holocaust Encyclopedia” with 473 articles readily available, personal histories, views of exhibits, and commentary on present-day genocidal threats such as the one going on in Darfur.

http://www.globalpolicy.org/intljustice/index.html

This web site of the Global Policy Forum, a think tank in New York City, does not special- ize in international law, but it does have a useful sub-section on “International Justice,” with useful information about international courts, including the hybrid courts.

http://avalon.law.yale.edu/default.asp

This Yale University web site is an excellent source for international law, history, and diplomacy. Using the internal search engine, a number of materials related to thez Nuremberg tribunal are available. As for the Tokyo tribunal, the offerings are limited. Many of the resources are offered on a century-by-century basis.

Chapter 10 Human Rights: Freedom and Protection for Humankind

 

http://www.un.org/rights/index.shtml

This website is the main UN portal to human rights activities by the IGO. It provides direct access to the UN activities in the human rights field, including treaties the new Human Rights Council, and a useful research guide.

http://www.ohchr.org/english

The Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights can be accessed from the main UN portal but deserves a place in the list of Top Picks in its own right. By using the “International Law” tab numerous human rights treaties are available with full text and arranged by appropriate categories.

http://www.amnesty.org/

Undoubtedly the larges and best known human rights NGO, the website of Amnesty International features special campaigns such as political prisoners, protection of women, stopping torture, control of arms, urging action over Darfur, all of which are easily accessible. It also leads to other human rights links and the national chapters of Amnesty International in other countries.

http://www.freedomhouse.org/

Freedom House is one of the older human rights NGOs and specializes in democracy and civil and political rights. It provides annual assessments of freedoms such as the enjoyment of democracy and especially the status of the freedom of press in countries.

http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/treaties.htm

This website is particularly user friendly and offers lists of treaties on human rights by subject-matter plus information about the ratification of treaties by country. These treaties can be researched by entering a “key word” in a search engine.

Chapter 11 The Global Environment in Jeopardy

 

http://www.un.org/climatechange/

This website is the gateway to the UN’s environmental interests in climate change. It is very broad in coverage and deals with climate conferences, a carbon “footprint” indicator including a carbon footprint calculator. This site offers the Human Development Report: Fighting Climate Change 2007–2008, the UNFCCC treaty, and numerous other accessible sites in the left column of the front page concerning multiple UN agencies and how they relate to environmental problems.

http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ParticipationStatus.aspx

A very useful source is provided for the UN’s Treaty System broken down by subject. Scroll down to Chapter 27 for a specific list of environmental conventions. The status of acceptance on a country-by-country is provided.

http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/entri/

ENTRI stands for “Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators.” This website offers environmental treaties, country profiles, the capacity for making tables with data provided, and an internal search engine.

http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2009/planet.in.peril/

This site is an informative and even entertaining website produced by CNN, covering numerous environmental issues through investigative reporting. This site has blogs, video clips, an interactive map on conflict, and a gallery of photographs.

http://css.snre.umich.edu/

This website is maintained by the Center for Sustainable Development of the

University of Michigan’s School of Natural Resources & Environment. It should be of great interest to those planning for an education and career in the environmental area. A useful site map and contact information are provided.

http://www.unep.org/

The website of the UN Environment Program, which covers global governance, climate change, natural disasters, resource efficiency, and other topics.

Chapter 12 Rules for Sharing the World’s Wealth

http://www.globalpolicy.org/reform/indxbiz.htm

This website began during Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s tenure at the UN. He set up the Global Policy Forum to develop a close partnership between the UN and the international business community. This site offers pertinent publications and papers on the role of business in economic development, reports on relevant conferences, an available electronic newsletter, numerous reports by development-oriented NGOs, and useful additional links including the UN Global Compact site for guiding MNC conduct.

http://www.worldtradelaw.net/

For a legal approach to the international economy, this website is invaluable. Much of the focus is on the GATT/WTO process and dispute settlement. Also offered are quick links to Trade Law Articles, Trade News, a blog on international economic law, legal texts, IGOs, court/tribunal decisions, university programs, and even jobs.

http://www.icrw.org/

This website by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) is a leading NGO in the field of development as it relates to women. This NGO operates from the assumption that poverty, hunger, and disease can be better dealt with by focusing on the role of women in development. As a think-tank, the ICRW provides research to government policy-makers so they can weave research ideas into practical policy. This website offers its annual report in electronic format. ICRW receives a four-star rating by Charity Navigator for its efficiency and good management of finances.

http://www.asil.org/trade-investment.cfm

This website by the American Society of International Law offers legal and institutional developments in the areas of trade, foreign direct investment, intellectual property, and the transnational movement and regulation of goods, services, labor and capital.

http://www.jus.uio.no/lm/international.economic.law/toc.html

This site is hosted by the Law Faculty of the University of Oslo. It lists directly accessible links for consulting groups and IGOs, international economics, international trade law, international investment, and corruption. This website has a built-in search engine and an “A–Z” index for the site. One of the accessible links is “Lex Mercatoria,” covering electronic encryption, corruption, and cross-border crime, among many other topics